China, officially the People's Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国, Traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國) (PRC), is the world's most-populous country, with a population of over 1.3 billion. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, the East Asian state is the world's second-largest country by land area, and the third- or fourth-largest in total area, depending on the definition of total area.
The People's Republic of China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four directly controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). Its capital city is Beijing. Currently, it has one of the fastest growing economies in the world.